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Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo

Also called: BPPV
Episodes of dizziness and a sensation of spinning with certain head movements.
  • Treatable by a medical professional
  • Requires a medical diagnosis
  • Lab tests or imaging rarely required
  • Short-term: resolves within days to weeks
Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is triggered by certain changes in head position, such as tipping the head up or down. It's rarely serious unless it increases the risk of falling.
People can experience dizziness, a spinning sensation (vertigo), lightheadedness, unsteadiness, loss of balance, and nausea.
Treatment includes a series of head movements that shift particles in the ears.
Common: More than 200,000 US cases per year
Consult a doctor for medical advice Sources: Mayo Clinic and others. Learn more
People also ask
What is the most common cause of BPPV?
Anything that dislodges the crystals from the utricle can cause BPPV. Having a past head injury is a major cause. Other times, BPPV may result from other problems with the vestibular system. These can include Ménière disease or vestibular neuritis.
Can BPPV go away on its own?
Over time, BPPV may go away on its own. But treatment with a simple procedure in your doctor's office (either the Epley or Semont maneuver) can usually stop your vertigo right away. Talk to your doctor. If your vertigo interferes with your normal daily activities or causes nausea and vomiting, you may need treatment.
How serious is BPPV?
BPPV is not a sign of a serious problem, and it usually disappears on its own within 6 weeks of the first episode. However, the symptoms of BPPV can be very frightening and may be dangerous, especially in older people. About half of all people over age 65 suffer an episode of BPPV.
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3 days ago · You will probably feel lightheaded and may even faint. Dizziness is the number one reason for fainting. Dizziness is usually not a sign of a serious condition.
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1 day ago · In Meniere's disease (MD), the saccular macula was larger and the utricular macula was smaller. In benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV), the otolith ...